With the storm sewer system, everything is more or less clear, it is very nice to walk on dry paths immediately after the rain and not jump on puddles. Water from the roof through the storm drains enters the drainage system and then into the well.
Another thing is drainage, often the question arises: do I need drainage on the site or not? It is not so difficult to understand this issue. There are several types of drainage systems aimed at solving certain tasks. Drainage of the site is necessary if there is a stagnation of water on the site. If there are natural or artificial water barriers (retaining walls), it is also necessary to eliminate water retention on the site. It is not recommended to plant fruit trees on the plot if the water table is higher than 1.2 m. Too frequent step of drainage pipes can greatly disrupt the water balance and destroy plants and lawns.In order to make sure that it is correct, you need to analyze the site and choose the right systems to establish the optimal water balance.
Frequent precipitation and snowmelt raise the water table. A sharp rise in ground water and subsequent slow decline negatively affect the root system of plants and the foundations of buildings. The drainage system in combination with the storm sewer system is aimed at creating an optimal water balance on the site.
On the site, all communications perform their functions, you can not allocate priority areas. Comfort can only be provided in this case. Stormwater drainage is an engineering system for removing water from the house and surrounding area. It allows you to get rid of excess water and reduce waterlogging.
Installation of storm sewers is convenient to perform simultaneously with drainage systems. This optimizes the tasks of builders and combines two important systems into one working complex. The site and the house should first be equipped with gutters, only when the roofing component is completed can you move on to other work.
The underground part of the work begins with ditches for laying pipes. The bottom of the trench before laying sewer pipes is rammed and cleared of any solid objects. A sand cushion is created. All pipes are combined into one sewer system using fittings.
The Main water load is observed in late autumn, early spring, and during summer rains. It is not always necessary to bury pipes underground, in certain cases only surface drainage is effective. It is laid along paths, footpaths, alleys. The open drainage system consists of trays and pipes, through which water goes to the sand catcher, from there to a ditch or well. Moisture removal allows you to keep the site dry after heavy rains and helps reduce the water table.
The ground water Level on the site is determined by the results of geodetic surveys.
High occurrence of underground sources in the upper part of the ground can lead to difficulties during construction work, the appearance of mold on important elements of structures, flooding or destruction of existing buildings.
The most effective way to protect a building from flooding. If the house has a basement or basement, this type of drainage is required. Waterproofing the Foundation can not solve the problems of flooding and only together with the wall drainage system, your house will be fully protected.
Maintenance consists of visual inspection and cleaning of the system. Frequent inspection will allow you to notice faults in the initial state and avoid malfunctions. You can clear the drainage in various ways. Manual cleaning is recommended when laying pipes open. A closed gasket implies the use of a pneumatic installation. It is recommended to perform mechanical cleaning of the system every three years.